What Matters

This toolkit contains resources for teaching learners how to obtain information from older patients and their family or other caregivers that aligns with their specific health outcome goals and care preference. These resources provide content related to the “What Matters” concept in the 4Ms Framework of an Age-Friendly Health System. It contains introductory material appropriate for undergraduate and graduate level learners.

Edward Ratner, MD authored this toolkit. He is an Associate Professor of Medicine in the Division of Geriatrics, Palliative and Primary Care at the University of Minnesota.


This toolkit contains two components: a Learner Module and a compendium of Teaching and Learning Resources.


The Learner Module is designed for students. It is a digital, interactive learning activity. To assign the module to students, instructors can click on the Learner Module icon to the left and copy the URL into their teaching documents for their learners to access. The module is free and accessible to all.

Note: When accessing the learner module, some users may wish to use the CTRL/Command + or – function to adjust the size of the text on their screen.



The compendium of Teaching and Learning Resources is designed for instructors. It includes a list of current readings, clinical guidelines, additional (optional) case studies, and links to assessment tools, health professional organizations, patient advocacy organizations, patient education materials, and other resources on the topic. Many of the resources are also available in the Learner Module so that students can learn of them. Instructors can select the resources that work best for their learners and embed them into their course materials.



Toolkit created August 2022.